The first moves of a chess game are called the “opening” or “opening moves”. A good opening will provide better protection of the King, a firm foothold in the centre, greater mobility for pieces, and perhaps chances to capture opposing pawns and officials. In this blog post I covered some of the rules of chess openings to give you a better chance of winning your games.
Control the Center
One of the key ideas of many chess openings is to control the central squares e4, e5, d4, d5 of the board. Nearly every chess piece is at it’s most powerful when on one of these squares and there is a much better chance to maneuver and control the rest of the board as well.
In the diagram below, White has done an excellent job in establishing control of the center. His pawns on e4 and d4 control many key squares, while the knights on f3 and c3 are well placed to quickly move to wherever they may be needed.
Wherever possible, make a good developing move which threatens something or adds to the pressure on the centre.Reuben Fine
Don’t move the same piece twice
The major aim of a great opening play is to quickly develop your pieces. Moving a piece a lot in the opening slows the development of your other pieces and this loss of time can often be seized upon by a better developed opponent to sustain an advantage in the game. Now, this doesn’t mean you should stick to your mistake and leave your piece on a bad square. It’s more of a reminder to be extra careful with finding the right square. To lower your chance of moving a piece more than once, try not to move your queen out in the opening. Your opponent can develop his pieces and attack her at the same time.
In the diagram below, d3 will force the black queen to move out of the square b5. As the queen is forced to move to another square, the white player further develops his pieces by playing d3.
Remember that the poor placement of even a single piece may destroy the coordination of the other pieces.Vlastimil Hort
Castling should be done in the opening. It develops a rook and moves your king to a corner, away from danger. After castling, you should avoid moving or losing the pawns in front of the king because they provide valuable shelter. While its not advisable to move any of the worker/farmer pawn in the opening, you shouldn’t forget to do so as the game progresses as it can lead to a back-rank checkmate. It is also important to connect the rooks, by making sure that all of the pieces standing between them are moved out of the way.
You should avoid castling if it will expose your king to greater danger or if your opponent’s most threatening pieces (especially the queen) have already left the board.
Castle early and oftenRob Sillars
Develop knights before bishops.
You should often try to develop your knights before your bishops. During an opening, the range a bishop can operate is limited because there are many pawns on the board. A knight, however, can jump over pawns and maneuver easily.
Another reason to develop your knights before your bishops is because two knights can control all of the 4 central squares from a safe position, whereas two bishops can only control 2 central squares.
I have added these principles to the law: get the Knights into action before both Bishops are developedEmanuel Lasker
The opening part of a chess game is one of the most difficult challenges faced by any new chess player. To have a great opening move, you would want to effectively control the center squares and develop your pieces while protecting your king and taking into account the moves of our opponent.